The background of the medical malpractice and its connection with the law is an extensive one that spans back to many thousand years. The historians have written many law codes about the doctors and the medicines and since 19th to 20th-century law books include the cases of medical malpractice. The medical malpractice attorneys at the Percy Martinez law firm made a brief summary of few key points to make an interesting method to cover the topic of the Medical Malpractice.
The oldest and lengthiest written code in the world is Hammurabi’s code. This Babylonian law codes are from 1794 BC and contain 282 law codes. One of its parts describes the consequences of the medical errors, it states that the doctor must be punished if there was any damage to the patient during treatment or later. The Hippocratic Oath includes the idea of “do no harm.” Hippocrates was the inhabitants of ancient Greece, they were known as the father of western medicine. The Hippocratic oath was revised many times and many versions were introduced but still, doctor consults it.
In the United States of America, the first medical malpractice case was reported in 1794. The accuser sued the doctor because he promised to do the surgery effectively but did its opposite, therefore the accuser died of failed surgery. The plaintiff won the case. Later in the 19th century, the United States of America experienced a lot of medical malpractice cases. Most of the cases included dislocations and fractures.
The American Medical Association was established in 1847. They started to standardize the procedures of medical training and education. And then the world’s first national law for ethical malpractice was introduced. Now the organization is the biggest and one of its kind including the medical students and doctors etc.
All through the 20th Century, the US experienced many laws that were passed after numerous high-profile and big settlements. For the first time, the courts started to issue the standards of medical malpractice awards in 1970’s. This triggered the large amount compensations being awarded. Hence the US stated the laws to limit the compensation to some type of damages.
In early 80’s, a historic malpractice case came in attention that stimulated more laws, an 18-year-old teenager Libby Zion was brought to the hospital in New York, he was treated by two resident doctors. As the time passed the condition of the girl became worst at night and finally, she died. Her father was a well-known writer, he filed a suit against the two resident doctors that they were negligent and overburdened. The father of the teenager won the case. This case triggered many medical malpractice laws in New York that were the base of many national reforms.
These days as the laws and regulation has supported the protection of doctors and patients. Though still there are many doctors who commit negligence. Normally only 6 percent of the doctors accountable for 60 percent of medical malpractice payments. As of the researchers report at Johns Hopkins school of medicine, medical malpractice cases have reached to a 3rd major reason of deaths in the US.
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